What are these items?

Two matchboxes with matches inside. One has an advert for ‘T. Lowes, Draper and Silk Mercer’ at ‘101, Bedford Street, North Shields’ on it. The other features the emblem of the Northumberland Fusiliers an infantry (foot-soldier) regiment of the British Army.

Who did they belong to?

The matchboxes belonged to a young man called Thomas Baker Brown.

Who was Thomas Baker Brown?

Thomas Baker Brown

Thomas Baker Brown was born in Tynemouth on 22nd December 1896 and he later moved to North Shields. The First World War began in the summer of 1914 and Thomas joined the army in November 1915, aged just 18 years old. He went to a training camp in York and due to having poor eyesight, he was unable to join the Royal Flying Corps. Instead he became a Signaller, where one of his most important duties was as a ‘runner’ (someone who carried messages across No Man’s Land, which was an area of land between the two opposing trenches). This was a very dangerous job and in March 1917, he got the Military Medal for his heroism (being extremely brave). However, Thomas was taken prisoner by German soldiers and was taken to a prisoner of war camp in Germany where he worked in a coal mine. When the First World War ended in November 1918, Thomas walked out of the gates of the prisoner of war camp. He first went to Holland, then got on a ship back to England, arriving in Hull on 8th December before making his way back home to North Shields.

When were these matchboxes made?

We do not know exactly when these matchboxes were created but they were used during the First World War (1914-1918).

Why have they been kept?

After World War One, Thomas collected various letters, maps and souvenirs (including these two matchboxes) in order to write his own memoirs (a memoir is writing a historical account of an event from personal knowledge) of World War One. They are now kept in Newcastle University’s Special Collections.


Thomas Baker Brown comic

Make your own First World War Comic telling part of Thomas Baker Brown’s World War One story using these sources and templates.





A short audio clip by a local student about Thomas Baker Brown’s matchbox.



More about Thomas Baker Brown…

Find out more by reading a comic about his war time story produced by a professional comic artist and local school children:

Thomas Baker Brown Comic

First World War

Interested in the First World War? Click here to find out about the role played by Newcastle University in the First World War.

Photograph of Armstrong College

Thomas Baker Brown joined the army voluntarily in 1915. In 1916 the Military Service Act introduced conscription for the first time in Britain. Conscription made it  compulsory for all single men aged between 18 and 41, who were not eligible for exemption to join up. Find out more about the Military Service Act.

Military Service Act Pamphlet

home-object-hospitalAnother item in Special Collections

Interested in learning about a hospital during World War One? If you are, you may also like to find out more about these First Northern General Hospital postcards, held in Newcastle University’s Special Collections.